The effectiveness of a cross-setting complementary staff- and parent-mediated early intensive behavioral intervention for young children with ASD

Leonardo Fava, Kristin Strauss, Giovanni Valeri, Lidia D'Elia, Serena Arima, Stefano Vicari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We compared the effects of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI) and eclectic intervention in children with ASD on autism severity, developmental performance, adaptive behavior, language skills and challenging behaviors. Twelve children received cross-setting staff- and parent-mediated EIBI of centre-based one-to-one and play sessions as well as home-based sessions, including continuous parent training and supervision. A comparison group of 10 children received eclectic intervention. Standardized tests were carried out independent examiners at intake and after 6 months. The groups were equivalent on key variables at intake. The intervention group outperformed the eclectic group in measures of autism severity, developmental and language skills. Scores on adaptive behaviors revealed comparable changes in both treatment groups. Furthermore, the intervention group reduced challenging behaviors, a progress facilitated by parents that achieved treatment fidelity and gained competence to manage challenging behavior functions. Descriptive data of treatment progress showed that parental treatment provision and treatment fidelity gains indicated differential child progress in outcomes and skill mastery in learning environments. Our results show the effectiveness of a staff- and parent-mediated EIBI program for children with ASD. These findings highlight the importance of generalization across settings and persons for improving functional behavior in various learning environments that result in reduced problem behaviors and increased language and communication skills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1479-1492
Number of pages14
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

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Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Early intensive behavioral intervention
  • Parent training
  • Treatment fidelity
  • Treatment progress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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