The effects of aprotinin, a kallikrein inhibitor, on renin release and urinary sodium excretion in mild essential hypertensives

Paolo Madeddu, Mario Oppes, Aldo Soro, Paolo Dessi’-Fulgheri, Nicola Glorioso, Francesco Bandiera, Paolo Manunta, Speranza Rubattu, Alessandro Rappelli

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The effects of aprotinin on renin release and renal function were evaluated in 24 male essential hypertensive patients, on unrestricted (n = 17) and on chronic low as well as on high sodium intake. Aprotinin (1 × 106 kallikrein inhibitor units) or saline (200 ml) were infused in all patients for 6 h. Blood samples were taken for plasma renin activity (PRA) and 6-h urine collections were obtained for active and inactive kallikrein, sodium and potassium excretion measurement.In patients on unrestricted sodium diet, aprotinin had no effect on blood pressure (BP), glomerular filtration rate, renal plasma flow, urinary sodium and potassium excretion. However, an inverse relationship was found between pretreatment urinary sodium excretion and the per cent reduction of the latter after aprotinin. A significant reduction in urinary sodium excretion was induced by aprotinin in patients on high sodium intake, whereas no change was observed in the same patients when on a low sodium diet. Aprotinin reduced the urinary excretion of active kallikrein by 81% and the active to total kallikrein ratio from 24 to 6%. Infusion of aprotinin induced a significant decline in active renin but did not modify inactive renin levels in patients on unrestricted sodium diet as well as in patients on low or high sodium intake. Our data suggest that the inhibition of kallikrein and/or other serine proteases by aprotinin can interfere with renal release of active renin and also support the hypothesis that the renal kallikrein system exerts a regulatory control on sodium excretion in salt replete hypertensives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-586
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1987


  • Aprotinin
  • Kallikrein
  • Renal function
  • Renin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology


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