The effects of dietary counseling on children with food allergy: a prospective, multicenter intervention study

Roberto Berni Canani, Ludovica Leone, Enza D'Auria, Enrica Riva, Rita Nocerino, Serena Ruotolo, Gianluca Terrin, Linda Cosenza, Margherita Di Costanzo, Annalisa Passariello, Anna Coruzzo, Carlo Agostoni, Marcello Giovannini, Riccardo Troncone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although dietary counseling is generally recommended in children with food allergy (FA), its effect on the nutritional status of these patients has not yet been evaluated. Our nonrandomized multicenter prospective intervention study was undertaken to investigate the effects of dietary counseling on children with FA. Anthropometric data, dietary intakes, and laboratory biomarkers of nutritional status were evaluated in children with FA (aged 6 to 36 months) before and after dietary counseling, by multidisciplinary teams composed of pediatricians, dietitians, and nurses. Ninety-one children with FA (49 boys and 42 girls; mean age 18.9 months, 95% CI 16.5 to 21.3) were evaluated; 66 children without FA (41 boys and 25 girls; mean age 20.3 months, 95% CI 17.7 to 22.8) served as controls providing baseline values only. At enrollment, energy and protein intakes were lower in children with FA (91 kcal/kg/day, interquartile range [IQR]=15.1, minimum=55.2, maximum=130.6; and 2.2 g/kg/day, IQR=0.5, minimum=1.5, maximum=2.7, respectively) than in children without FA (96 kcal/kg/day, IQR=6.1, minimum=83.6, maximum=118.0; and 4.6 g/kg/day, IQR=1.2, minimum=2.0, maximum=6.1, respectively; P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1432-1439
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume114
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cow's milk allergy
  • Dietitian
  • Elimination diet
  • Fatty acids
  • Nutritional status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Berni Canani, R., Leone, L., D'Auria, E., Riva, E., Nocerino, R., Ruotolo, S., Terrin, G., Cosenza, L., Di Costanzo, M., Passariello, A., Coruzzo, A., Agostoni, C., Giovannini, M., & Troncone, R. (2014). The effects of dietary counseling on children with food allergy: a prospective, multicenter intervention study. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 114(9), 1432-1439. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2014.03.018