N-Acetylated, alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase (NAALADase) is a chloride-activated, membrane bound, metallopeptidase that cleaves the endogenous neuropeptide N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate (NAAG) in vitro. To determine whether NAALADase is the catabolic enzyme of NAAG in vivo, we have examined the effects on [3H]NAAG metabolism of intrastriatal co-injections of agents that affect NAALADase activity in vitro. Co-injections of NAALADase inhibitors, such as quisqualate (Quis), phosphate, dithiothreitol and EGTA were found to prolong the t 1 2 of [3H]NAAG, whereas cobalt, a NAALADase activity stimulator, accelerated [3H]NAAG catabolism. These results are consistent with a role for NAALADase in the extracellular disposition of endogenous NAAG.
- Excitatory neurotransmission
- n-Acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate (NAAG)
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