The effects of S(-) and R(+) sulpiride, metoclopramide, cisapride and domperidone on the small intestine suggest DA2-receptors are involved in the control of small intestinal transit time in rats

Ettore Zuccato, Cristina Bertolo, Monica Salomoni, Angelo Forgione, Emilio Mussini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To study the effect of intraperitoneal S(-)sulpiride (1-15 mg/kg), R(+)sulpiride (5-10 mg/kg), metoclopramide (1-15 mg/kg), cisapride (10 mg/kg) and domperidone (5-10 mg/kg) on intestinal progression, rats were given the test drug followed by oral lactulose. Their hydrogen excretion was used to calculate the small bowel transit time (SBTT) and maximum peak time (MPT). Metoclopramide (7.5 mg/kg) had the greatest effect on SBTT (-25%), followed by S(-)sulpiride and domperidone. S(-)sulpiride (10 mg/kg) had the greatest activity on the MPT (-35.2%) followed by metoclopramide. R(+)sulpiride and cisapride did not modify SBTT and MPT. In conclusion S(-)sulpiride is the isomer active on intestinal transit and DA2-receptors seem important targets in the modulation of intestinal progression, since S(-)sulpiride, metoclopramide and domperidone are DA2-receptor antagonists, and R(+)sulpiride and cisapride are not. The H2 breath test proved a valid method for measuring the effect of drugs on the small intestine in animals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-185
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacological Research
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Keywords

  • DA-receptors
  • hydrogen breath test
  • metoclopramide
  • small bowel transit time
  • sulpiride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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