The effects of sleep disturbance on school performance: A preliminary investigation of children attending elementary grades

Laura Reale, Manuela Guarnera, Luigi Mazzone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sleep disorders in children are common. Sleep plays an important role in children's development and sleep disorders can have a substantial impact on their quality of life. Indeed, sleep is crucial for physical growth, behavior, and emotional development and it is also closely related to cognitive functioning, learning and attention, and therefore to school performance. In the present study sleep habits were investigated in 173 school-age children by using the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ). Results show that children attending the third elementary grade had higher CSHQ total score, indicating sleep problems, as compared to other classes. Moreover, an inverse correlation was observed between sleep disturbance and school performance (p <0.05), meaning that children with sleep problems also have a lower performance at school. Our findings imply that sleep disorders could negatively impact school performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-404
Number of pages7
JournalSchool Psychology International
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire
  • CSHQ
  • decline in school performance
  • Italy
  • school-age children
  • sleep habits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Education
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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