SURGE 2, a large-scale, practice-based study in 10 countries, evaluated the effects of telmisartan alone or with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) on morning (06:00-11:59) home blood pressure (HBP) control. Hypertensive patients (clinic blood pressure [BP] ≥ 140/90 mmHg) received telmisartan 40 or 80 mg either alone or in combination with HCTZ 12.5 mg for 8 weeks. Treatment could be adjusted if clinic BP remained ≥ 140/90 mmHg. Clinic BP was measured in the morning prior to medication, and seated HBP monitoring was performed, three times per day, 2 days per week. A total of 25,882 patients were included (71% were previously using antihypertensives). There was a statistically significant (all p <0.001) reduction in mean morning, lunchtime and evening HBP following treatment with telmisartan/telmisartan plus HCTZ, and morning HBP control increased from 10.6-19.8% to 51.1-64.6%. Similar improvements were observed for lunchtime (from 20.6-26.0% to 57.7-70.5%) and evening (from 21.3-31.4% to 59.0-68.8%). The morning HBP response ranged from 62.6-67.5% (systolic BP) and from 81.4-87.0% (diastolic BP). Adverse events were reported by 1.2% of patients. Telmisartan alone or with HCTZ improved morning HBP control and maintained a smooth HBP profile throughout the day in a real-life setting.
- Home blood pressure monitoring
- Morning blood pressure control
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine