The effects of visual Field size on hemispheric asymmetry of pattern reversal visual evoked potentials

Luciano Mecacci, Donatella Spinelli, Maria Pia Viggiano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) were recorded in 17 females (10 right-handers and 7 left-handers) and 17 males (10 right-handers and 7 left-handers). The stimulus was a checkerboard pattern phase-reversed at a rate of 1 Hz, binocularly viewed by the subject. Two experimental conditions were tested: field size (the stimulus was enlarged from 1 to 30° of visual angle) and occlusion (the central part of the stimulus was occluded by experimental scotomata of various size-from 1 to 16° Responses recorded at occipital and temporal leads of the two hemispheres were compared. The P100-N 145 amplitude was larger at occipital than at temporal leads, it augmented increasing the size of the stimulus and diminished occluding progressively larger portions of the central field. Hemispheric asymmetries emerged with large field sizes and were not abolished by the presence of experimental scotomata. The hemispheric asymmetry was related to handedness (left-handers had larger amplitudes in the right hemisphere, right-handers in the left hemisphere), but not to sex. Hemispheric asymmetries in VEPs latency were not present. In comparison to males, females showed larger amplitudes and shorter latencies. These results point out that hemispheric asymmetries are found also for the processing of elementary visual stimuli like checkerboards, and they depend both on stimulus parameters (field size) and subject variables (handedness).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-151
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Neuroscience
Volume51
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

Keywords

  • Experimental scotomata
  • Field size
  • Handedness
  • Hemispheric asymmetry
  • VEPs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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