The endometriotic tissue lining the internal surface of endometrioma: Hormonal, genetic, epigenetic status, and gene expression profile

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ovarian endometriomas are found in a consistent proportion of patients with endometriosis and are associated with a more severe form of the disease. The endometriotic tissue lining the inside of the endometrioma has been extensively studied over the years mostly for the need to compare the molecular and cellular characteristics of eutopic and ectopic endometria. Several aspects of hormonal regulation, response to local inflammation, carcinogenesis, and modifications of the local environment have been investigated in order to characterize also the processes associated with peritoneal endometriosis. In this review, we have summarized the current knowledge of pathophysiology of endometrioma, with a particular focus on the cellular components lining the internal surface of the cyst in order to provide a comprehensive overview of the hormonal, genetic, epigenetic, and gene expression profiles of this essential part of the cyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-401
Number of pages11
JournalReproductive Sciences
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2015

Keywords

  • endometrioma
  • gene expression
  • oxidative status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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