The achievement of urinary continence in children may be very difficult with some congenital malformations of the lower urinary tract, such as bladder exstrophy, or in some neurogenic dysfunctions, such as neuropathic bladder. Endoscopic injection of bulging substances into the bladder neck or posterior urethra may be regarded as a minimally invasive procedure that may provide a better dry interval in these patients. Endoscopic treatment can be performed as either a primary or adjunctive procedure after open bladder neck surgery. It is also of use to increase the functional bladder capacity in some children. Although longer follow-up is wise, results so far are encouraging. The search for a safe and reliable substance to use is still ongoing, and the new available biodegradable implants seem adequate.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Current Urology Reports|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas