The enhanced cognitive interview: could individual differences in visuo-spatial working memory explain differences in recalling an event?

Raffaella Nori, Massimiliano Palmiero, Alessia Bocchi, Laura Piccardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Enhanced Cognitive Interview (ECI) is one of the most useful witness interviews, consisting of 5 techniques (context reinstatement: CR; report everything: RE, mental imagery: MI, change order: CO and change of perspectives: CP) aimed at increasing both the quantity and the quality of elements recalled. All the techniques require mental imagery skills. The present study investigates the relationship between forward and backward visuo-spatial working memory (VSWM) and correct elements recalled through the ECI with respect to its techniques. 99 college students (48 males) watched a color videotape of a fictional crime and performed a visuo-spatial working memory task. The following day they were interviewed about what they had seen. Results showed that high forward VSWM capacity has a role in favoring the total amount of correct information recalled, specifically in the MI technique. This suggests that maintaining and processing mood-related contents in VSWM is easier for individuals with high working memory skills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalPsychology, Crime and Law
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - May 30 2018

Keywords

  • Corsi Test
  • enhanced cognitive interview
  • eyewitness
  • mental imagery
  • Visuo-spatial working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law

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