We have investigated the expression of protein kinase C (PKC) and protein kinase A (PKA) during the phases of growth and differentiation of the human colon carcinoma Caco-2 cells. We studied whether differentiation correlated with the responsiveness to cAMP and with an increased transport of the catalytic subunit of PKA into the nucleus. Also, we evaluated whether this phenomenon was affected by PKC activity. High levels of activated PKC were found in the plasma membranes of replicating cells. When the cells began to differentiate, plasma membrane-activated PKC decreased, while the cytosolic fraction increased. On the contrary, PKA holoenzyme increased during differentiation, along with the transport of its catalytic subunit into the nucleus. Both types I and II kinase A holoenzymes increased during differentiation, with maximal type II activity found when cells were fully differentiated. In replicating preconfluent cells, the inhibition of PKC by high dose phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate or sphingosine increased the amount of both PKA catalytic subunit in the nucleus and sucrase activity. During differentiation, 8-Bromo-cAMP increased PKA catalytic subunit in the nucleus and apoliprotein A1 mRNA levels. These effects were inhibited by low-dose phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, which activates PKC in the plasma membranes. Our data suggest that PKC is activated in proliferating Caco-2 cells. The inhibition of PKC induces the transport of PKA catalytic subunit into the nucleus and the expression of the differentiation markers. Differentiated Caco-2 cells show a lower activation of PKC and an increased transport of the catalytic subunit of PKA into the nucleus. Differentiated Caco-2 cells are highly responsive to cAMP and the 8-Br-cAMP analog is able to revert the inhibitory effect of PKC.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Cell Growth and Differentiation|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology