The enzymatic basis for the metabolism and inhibitory effects of valproic acid: dehydrogenation of valproyl-CoA by 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase

Michinori Ito, Yasuyuki Ikeda, John G. Arnez, Gaetano Finocchiaro, Kay Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Five distinct acyl-CoA dehydrogenases are currently known. These are short, medium, long and 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases, and isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase. We tested these five acyl-CoA dehydrogenases for their ability to dehydrogenase valproyl-CoA using pure enzyme preparations isolated from rat liver mitochondria. The activities of the pure human short-chain, medium-chain, and isovaleryl enzymes purified from post-mortem livers, and a long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase preparation partialy purified from placental mitochondria, were also tested. Valproyl-CoA was dehydrogenated at a significant rate (0.167 μmol/min per mg protein) only by rat 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. Human 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase has not been purified; therefore, it could not be tested. Since four other human acyl-CoA dehydrogenases did not dehydrogenate isobutyryl-CoA, 2-methylbutyryl-CoA (obligatory intermediates from valine and isoleucine, respectively) nor valproyl-CoA, it is reasonable to assume that valproyl-CoA is dehydrogenated by 2-methyl-branch-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase in man as well. We identified 2-propyl-2-pentenoyl-CoA as the reaction product from valproyl-CoA by mass spectral analysis of the acyl moiety. Valproyl-CoA, at 0.3 mM, moderately inhibited human acyl-CoA dehydrogenases with the exception of the long-chain enzyme. 5 mM free valproic acid inhibited the activities of various acyl-CoA dehydrogenases only very weakly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-218
Number of pages6
JournalBBA - General Subjects
Volume1034
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 16 1990

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Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenases
Valproic Acid
Dehydrogenation
Metabolism
Mitochondria
Coenzyme A
Liver
Isovaleryl-CoA Dehydrogenase
Rats
Long-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase
Enzymes
Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase
Isoleucine
Liver Mitochondrion
Valine
Reaction products
Human Activities
Spectrum analysis
2-methylacyl-CoA dehydrogenase
valproyl-coenzyme A

Keywords

  • 2-Methyl branched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase
  • Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase
  • Fatty acid dehydrogenate
  • Reye's syndrome
  • Valproic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

The enzymatic basis for the metabolism and inhibitory effects of valproic acid : dehydrogenation of valproyl-CoA by 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. / Ito, Michinori; Ikeda, Yasuyuki; Arnez, John G.; Finocchiaro, Gaetano; Tanaka, Kay.

In: BBA - General Subjects, Vol. 1034, No. 2, 16.05.1990, p. 213-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Five distinct acyl-CoA dehydrogenases are currently known. These are short, medium, long and 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases, and isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase. We tested these five acyl-CoA dehydrogenases for their ability to dehydrogenase valproyl-CoA using pure enzyme preparations isolated from rat liver mitochondria. The activities of the pure human short-chain, medium-chain, and isovaleryl enzymes purified from post-mortem livers, and a long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase preparation partialy purified from placental mitochondria, were also tested. Valproyl-CoA was dehydrogenated at a significant rate (0.167 μmol/min per mg protein) only by rat 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. Human 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase has not been purified; therefore, it could not be tested. Since four other human acyl-CoA dehydrogenases did not dehydrogenate isobutyryl-CoA, 2-methylbutyryl-CoA (obligatory intermediates from valine and isoleucine, respectively) nor valproyl-CoA, it is reasonable to assume that valproyl-CoA is dehydrogenated by 2-methyl-branch-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase in man as well. We identified 2-propyl-2-pentenoyl-CoA as the reaction product from valproyl-CoA by mass spectral analysis of the acyl moiety. Valproyl-CoA, at 0.3 mM, moderately inhibited human acyl-CoA dehydrogenases with the exception of the long-chain enzyme. 5 mM free valproic acid inhibited the activities of various acyl-CoA dehydrogenases only very weakly.",
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N2 - Five distinct acyl-CoA dehydrogenases are currently known. These are short, medium, long and 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases, and isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase. We tested these five acyl-CoA dehydrogenases for their ability to dehydrogenase valproyl-CoA using pure enzyme preparations isolated from rat liver mitochondria. The activities of the pure human short-chain, medium-chain, and isovaleryl enzymes purified from post-mortem livers, and a long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase preparation partialy purified from placental mitochondria, were also tested. Valproyl-CoA was dehydrogenated at a significant rate (0.167 μmol/min per mg protein) only by rat 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. Human 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase has not been purified; therefore, it could not be tested. Since four other human acyl-CoA dehydrogenases did not dehydrogenate isobutyryl-CoA, 2-methylbutyryl-CoA (obligatory intermediates from valine and isoleucine, respectively) nor valproyl-CoA, it is reasonable to assume that valproyl-CoA is dehydrogenated by 2-methyl-branch-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase in man as well. We identified 2-propyl-2-pentenoyl-CoA as the reaction product from valproyl-CoA by mass spectral analysis of the acyl moiety. Valproyl-CoA, at 0.3 mM, moderately inhibited human acyl-CoA dehydrogenases with the exception of the long-chain enzyme. 5 mM free valproic acid inhibited the activities of various acyl-CoA dehydrogenases only very weakly.

AB - Five distinct acyl-CoA dehydrogenases are currently known. These are short, medium, long and 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases, and isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase. We tested these five acyl-CoA dehydrogenases for their ability to dehydrogenase valproyl-CoA using pure enzyme preparations isolated from rat liver mitochondria. The activities of the pure human short-chain, medium-chain, and isovaleryl enzymes purified from post-mortem livers, and a long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase preparation partialy purified from placental mitochondria, were also tested. Valproyl-CoA was dehydrogenated at a significant rate (0.167 μmol/min per mg protein) only by rat 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. Human 2-methyl-branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase has not been purified; therefore, it could not be tested. Since four other human acyl-CoA dehydrogenases did not dehydrogenate isobutyryl-CoA, 2-methylbutyryl-CoA (obligatory intermediates from valine and isoleucine, respectively) nor valproyl-CoA, it is reasonable to assume that valproyl-CoA is dehydrogenated by 2-methyl-branch-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase in man as well. We identified 2-propyl-2-pentenoyl-CoA as the reaction product from valproyl-CoA by mass spectral analysis of the acyl moiety. Valproyl-CoA, at 0.3 mM, moderately inhibited human acyl-CoA dehydrogenases with the exception of the long-chain enzyme. 5 mM free valproic acid inhibited the activities of various acyl-CoA dehydrogenases only very weakly.

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