The epidemiology of resting heart rate in a male working population

Association with blood pressure, age, smoking habits and other cardiovascular risk factors

Roberte Fogari, Annalisa Zoppi, Gianluigi Marasi, Paola Preti, Amedeo Mugellini, Alessandro Vanasia, Paola Lusardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate heart rate and its relationship with some established cardiovascular risk factors in normotensive and hypertensive individuals. Methods: We studied 8811 men, 696 with essential hypertension and 8115 with normal blood pressure, stratified in four age groups: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49 and 50-59 years. Clinical evaluation included measures of heart rate (by pulse palpation), blood pressure (by mercury sphygmomanometer), total cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose and fibrinogen, and details of medical history and personal habits, with particular regard to smoking habits. Results: Heart rate, which was significantly higher in hypertensive than in normotensive individuals, showed no significant change with age in the normotensive group, but a slight decline with increasing age in those with hypertension. In the normotensive group, heart rate was significantly higher in smokers than in non-smokers and ex-smokers, and showed no significant variation with increasing age, independently of smoking habits. Among those with hypertension, heart rate was not statistically different in smokers, non- smokers and ex-smokers, and showed a moderate decrease with age in non- smokers and ex-smokers, but did not change with age in smokers. Conclusions: Both ageing and smoking habits have different effects on heart rate in normotensive and hypertensive individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-213
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Risk
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Habits
Epidemiology
Heart Rate
Smoking
Blood Pressure
Population
Sphygmomanometers
Hypertension
Palpation
Mercury
Fibrinogen
Blood Glucose
Triglycerides
Age Groups
Cholesterol

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular risk factors
  • Heart rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

The epidemiology of resting heart rate in a male working population : Association with blood pressure, age, smoking habits and other cardiovascular risk factors. / Fogari, Roberte; Zoppi, Annalisa; Marasi, Gianluigi; Preti, Paola; Mugellini, Amedeo; Vanasia, Alessandro; Lusardi, Paola.

In: Journal of Cardiovascular Risk, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1997, p. 209-213.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{aa6df85a53ad40ecb22f58c713e52ace,
title = "The epidemiology of resting heart rate in a male working population: Association with blood pressure, age, smoking habits and other cardiovascular risk factors",
abstract = "Aim: To evaluate heart rate and its relationship with some established cardiovascular risk factors in normotensive and hypertensive individuals. Methods: We studied 8811 men, 696 with essential hypertension and 8115 with normal blood pressure, stratified in four age groups: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49 and 50-59 years. Clinical evaluation included measures of heart rate (by pulse palpation), blood pressure (by mercury sphygmomanometer), total cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose and fibrinogen, and details of medical history and personal habits, with particular regard to smoking habits. Results: Heart rate, which was significantly higher in hypertensive than in normotensive individuals, showed no significant change with age in the normotensive group, but a slight decline with increasing age in those with hypertension. In the normotensive group, heart rate was significantly higher in smokers than in non-smokers and ex-smokers, and showed no significant variation with increasing age, independently of smoking habits. Among those with hypertension, heart rate was not statistically different in smokers, non- smokers and ex-smokers, and showed a moderate decrease with age in non- smokers and ex-smokers, but did not change with age in smokers. Conclusions: Both ageing and smoking habits have different effects on heart rate in normotensive and hypertensive individuals.",
keywords = "Blood pressure, Cardiovascular risk factors, Heart rate",
author = "Roberte Fogari and Annalisa Zoppi and Gianluigi Marasi and Paola Preti and Amedeo Mugellini and Alessandro Vanasia and Paola Lusardi",
year = "1997",
doi = "10.1097/00043798-199706000-00008",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "209--213",
journal = "Journal of Cardiovascular Risk",
issn = "1350-6277",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The epidemiology of resting heart rate in a male working population

T2 - Association with blood pressure, age, smoking habits and other cardiovascular risk factors

AU - Fogari, Roberte

AU - Zoppi, Annalisa

AU - Marasi, Gianluigi

AU - Preti, Paola

AU - Mugellini, Amedeo

AU - Vanasia, Alessandro

AU - Lusardi, Paola

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Aim: To evaluate heart rate and its relationship with some established cardiovascular risk factors in normotensive and hypertensive individuals. Methods: We studied 8811 men, 696 with essential hypertension and 8115 with normal blood pressure, stratified in four age groups: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49 and 50-59 years. Clinical evaluation included measures of heart rate (by pulse palpation), blood pressure (by mercury sphygmomanometer), total cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose and fibrinogen, and details of medical history and personal habits, with particular regard to smoking habits. Results: Heart rate, which was significantly higher in hypertensive than in normotensive individuals, showed no significant change with age in the normotensive group, but a slight decline with increasing age in those with hypertension. In the normotensive group, heart rate was significantly higher in smokers than in non-smokers and ex-smokers, and showed no significant variation with increasing age, independently of smoking habits. Among those with hypertension, heart rate was not statistically different in smokers, non- smokers and ex-smokers, and showed a moderate decrease with age in non- smokers and ex-smokers, but did not change with age in smokers. Conclusions: Both ageing and smoking habits have different effects on heart rate in normotensive and hypertensive individuals.

AB - Aim: To evaluate heart rate and its relationship with some established cardiovascular risk factors in normotensive and hypertensive individuals. Methods: We studied 8811 men, 696 with essential hypertension and 8115 with normal blood pressure, stratified in four age groups: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49 and 50-59 years. Clinical evaluation included measures of heart rate (by pulse palpation), blood pressure (by mercury sphygmomanometer), total cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose and fibrinogen, and details of medical history and personal habits, with particular regard to smoking habits. Results: Heart rate, which was significantly higher in hypertensive than in normotensive individuals, showed no significant change with age in the normotensive group, but a slight decline with increasing age in those with hypertension. In the normotensive group, heart rate was significantly higher in smokers than in non-smokers and ex-smokers, and showed no significant variation with increasing age, independently of smoking habits. Among those with hypertension, heart rate was not statistically different in smokers, non- smokers and ex-smokers, and showed a moderate decrease with age in non- smokers and ex-smokers, but did not change with age in smokers. Conclusions: Both ageing and smoking habits have different effects on heart rate in normotensive and hypertensive individuals.

KW - Blood pressure

KW - Cardiovascular risk factors

KW - Heart rate

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030830078&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030830078&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/00043798-199706000-00008

DO - 10.1097/00043798-199706000-00008

M3 - Article

VL - 4

SP - 209

EP - 213

JO - Journal of Cardiovascular Risk

JF - Journal of Cardiovascular Risk

SN - 1350-6277

IS - 3

ER -