The EuroPrevall birth cohort study on food allergy: Baseline characteristics of 12,000 newborns and their families from nine European countries

D. Mcbride, T. Keil, L. Grabenhenrich, R. Dubakiene, G. Drasutiene, A. Fiocchi, L. Dahdah, A. B. Sprikkelman, A. A. Schoemaker, G. Roberts, K. Grimshaw, M. L. Kowalski, A. Stanczyk-Przyluska, S. Sigurdardottir, M. Clausen, N. G. Papadopoulos, D. Mitsias, L. Rosenfeld, M. Reche, C. PascualA. Reich, J. Hourihane, U. Wahn, E. N C Mills, A. Mackie, K. Beyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It is unclear why some children develop food allergy. The EuroPrevall birth cohort was established to examine regional differences in the prevalence and risk factors of food allergy in European children using gold-standard diagnostic criteria. The aim of this report was to describe pre-, post-natal and environmental characteristics among the participating countries. In nine countries across four major European climatic regions, mothers and their newborns were enrolled from October 2005 through February 2010. Using standardized questionnaires, we assessed allergic diseases and self-reported food hypersensitivity of parents and siblings, nutrition during pregnancy, nutritional supplements, medications, mode of delivery, socio-demographic data and home environmental exposures. A total of 12,049 babies and their families were recruited. Self-reported adverse reactions to food ever were considerably more common in mothers from Germany (30%), Iceland, United Kingdom, and the Netherlands (all 20-22%) compared with those from Italy (11%), Lithuania, Greece, Poland, and Spain (all 5-8%). Prevalence estimates of parental asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema were highest in north-west (Iceland, UK), followed by west (Germany, the Netherlands), south (Greece, Italy, Spain) and lowest in central and east Europe (Poland, Lithuania). Over 17% of Spanish and Greek children were exposed to tobacco smoke in utero compared with only 8-11% in other countries. Caesarean section rate was highest in Greece (44%) and lowest in Spain (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-239
Number of pages10
JournalPediatric Allergy and Immunology
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

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Keywords

  • Birth cohort
  • Europe
  • EuroPrevall
  • Food allergy
  • Food hypersensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Immunology

Cite this

Mcbride, D., Keil, T., Grabenhenrich, L., Dubakiene, R., Drasutiene, G., Fiocchi, A., Dahdah, L., Sprikkelman, A. B., Schoemaker, A. A., Roberts, G., Grimshaw, K., Kowalski, M. L., Stanczyk-Przyluska, A., Sigurdardottir, S., Clausen, M., Papadopoulos, N. G., Mitsias, D., Rosenfeld, L., Reche, M., ... Beyer, K. (2012). The EuroPrevall birth cohort study on food allergy: Baseline characteristics of 12,000 newborns and their families from nine European countries. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 23(3), 230-239. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2011.01254.x