BACKGROUND. Over the last years there has been a tremendous increase in coronary angioplasty procedures (PTCA), due to the availability of better materials and to the refinement of operators skill. It is not known however if this "PTCA boom" has modified our approach to the patients with particular clinical situations, such as those with non-Q wave myocardial infarction. The purpose of this study was to verify, in patients undergoing coronary angiography for clinical reasons after a non-Q wave myocardial infarction, the clinical decision concerning the therapeutical choice in two different periods (101 patients in 1988 vs. 102 patients in 1992). METHODS AND RESULTS. Patients in the two groups had similar clinical manifestations whereas patients observed in 1992 had more frequently 2-vessel disease than single vessel disease as compared to patients studied in 1988 (p <0.05). The distribution of patients with normal coronary arteries or with 3-vessel disease was similar in the two periods. In 1988 medical therapy was the most recommended treatment at discharge (47%), followed by aorto-coronary bypass (29%) and coronary angioplasty (24%). On the contrary, in 1992 PTCA was performed in 48% of patients, medical therapy was recommended in 28% while the incidence of coronary surgery was reduced to 24% (p <0.01). From a clinical point of view a significant increase in PTCA procedures was seen in patients presenting with unstable angina after the non-Q wave myocardial infarction (54% of these patients undergoing PTCA in 1992 vs. 30% in 1988, p = 0.03) and in patients with effort angina and a positive exercise test at low workload (53% of these patients undergoing PTCA in 1992 vs. 22% in 1988, p <0.05). Moreover, in 1992 PTCA procedures increased in patients with single vessel disease (64% in 1992 vs. 49% in 1988) and in patients with 2-vessel disease (64% in 1992 vs. 9% in 1988). Therefore, in these patients the need of aorto-coronary by pass was reduced from 39% in 1988 to 19% in 1992 (p <0.05). The success rate of PTCA procedures was 98% in 1992 and 83% in 1988. No major complications were observed in the two study periods and no patients underwent urgent coronary surgery. CONCLUSIONS. These data show an increase in PTCA procedures over the last years in patients undergoing coronary angiography for clinical reasons after a non-Q wave myocardial infarction. The greater experience of operators allowed for improved results, thus reducing the need of coronary surgery in these patients.
|Translated title of the contribution||The evolution of the therapeutic choice in patients with the outcomes of non-Q myocardial infarct: 2 periods compared|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine