La radioterapia esclusiva dei tumori dei seni paranasali. Analisi retrospettiva di 73 casi.

Translated title of the contribution: The exclusive radiotherapy of tumors of the paranasal sinuses. A retrospective analysis of 73 cases

M. Krengli, P. Gabriele, L. Turri, M. G. Ruo Redda, P. Pisani, G. Negri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Seventy-three cases of paranasal sinus tumors observed between 1980 and 1991 were retrospectively analyzed. Our series consisted of 50 men and 23 women aged 43 to 83 years. Histology demonstrated 33 squamous cell carcinomas, 20 adenocarcinomas, 10 undifferentiated carcinomas, 3 mucoepidermoid carcinomas, 3 adenoid-cystic carcinomas, 2 osteosarcomas, 1 fibrosarcoma and 1 melanoma. All patients were untreated. The lesions from maxillary sinus consisted of 3 T2, 13 T3 and 39 T4 tumors; 50 cases were N0 and 5 N+. "Central" neoplasms consisted of 6 stage I, 7 stage II and 5 stage III lesions. All patients underwent irradiation (with 60Co) with two angled fields or three fields -2 opposing lateral and 1 anterior. Critical structures were shielded when possible and wedges were used to optimize dose distribution. Locoregional lymph nodes were treated in N+ cases only. Dose distribution was studied on CT images. All patients received a total dose of 54-72 Gy (mean: 61.4, median: 62 Gy) with 1.8-2 Gy/day fractions for 5 days/week. After irradiation 27/73 (30.8%) complete responses were observed. Local control at 6 months was obtained in 17/73 cases (23.3%) and it was correlated with the total dose. Actuarial survival rates at 3 and 5 years were 27.9% and 21.8%, respectively. At the multivariate analysis, the only significant variable was the stage; no correlations were found with sex, histology and site. During follow-up, lymph node metastases were observed in 4/66 initially N0 cases. Distant metastases were found in 10/73 patients (13.7%) and secondary lesions in 8/73 (11%). Severe complications were observed in 7/73 cases (9.6%).

Translated title of the contributionThe exclusive radiotherapy of tumors of the paranasal sinuses. A retrospective analysis of 73 cases
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)291-294
Number of pages4
JournalRadiologia Medica
Volume88
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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