"the first cut is the deepest": A psychological, sexological and gynecological perspective on female genital cosmetic surgery

Giussy Barbara, Federica Facchin, Michele Meschia, Paolo Vercellini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In recent years increased numbers of healthy women and girls have been seeking female genital cosmetic surgery for esthetic reasons and/or to enhance sexual functioning. This phenomenon is associated with the development of a new vulvovaginal standard due to Internet pornography and the increased exposure of female genitalia. This strict standard may negatively affect women's psychological health and cause increased insecurity, which may drive even teenagers to seek female genital cosmetic surgery. Psychological counseling is recommended to inform women that surgery is not a definitive solution to treat psychologically based pain or dysfunction. Moreover, there is no robust evidence supporting the effectiveness of female genital cosmetic surgery, especially regarding sexual enhancement, as underlined by major scientific societies. The importance of a definite regulation of female genital cosmetic surgery should be emphasized and be based on an ethically oriented, multidisciplinary model aimed at providing exhaustive information on all gynecological, sexological, and psychological concerns raised by this type of surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-920
Number of pages6
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume94
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • ethics
  • Female genital cosmetic surgery
  • female genitalia
  • labiaplasty
  • vulvovaginal standard

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Medicine(all)

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