The inherited deficiency of ADAMTS13 is usually associated with severe forms of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Among the mutations identified in the ADAMTS13 gene, none have been described on the TSP1-6 repeat domain. We investigated an Iranian family with a history of chronic recurrent thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, severe ADAMTS13 deficiency and a heterogeneous pattern of clinical symptoms among affected members. Genetic analysis revealed a homozygous deletion of nucleotides 2930-2935 (GTGCCC) in exon 23 of ADAMTS13, leading to the replacement of Cys977 by a Trp and the deletion of Ala978 and Arg979 in the TSP1-6 repeat domain. To explore the mechanism of ADAMTS13 deficiency, in vitro expression studies were performed. Western blotting, pulse-chase labeling and immunofluorescence studies demonstrated a secretion pathway defect of the mutant protein, with no intracellular accumulation. This finding is consistent with the severe ADAMTS13 deficiency but does not explain the heterogeneous clinical picture of the 3 siblings carrying the same mutation.
- Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
- TSP-1 repeat
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