The first surgical approach for total knee arthroplasty (TKA)

E. Castiello, S. Affatato

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

TKA is considered the best surgical treatment for knee osteoarthritis. Knee osteoarthritis involves the progressive loss of articular knee cartilage, and causes pain in the knee and loss of function. Severe arthritis and knee pain are the most common reasons to implant a TKA. This comprises a femoral, a tibial and a patellar component, and a tibial insert. The tibial insert and patellar component are usually made of polyethylene, while cobalt-chromium alloys are generally used for both the femoral and tibial components. The components are usually fixed together using bone cement (polymethylmethacrylate). Recently, the use of oxidized zirconium or ceramic components has been suggested in the development of new TKAs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSurgical Techniques in Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) and Alternative Procedures
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages109-122
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781782420385, 9781782420309
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 17 2014

Keywords

  • Ligaments
  • Parapatellar approach
  • Skin incision
  • Surgical approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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