The First World War drives rehabilitation toward the modern concepts of disability and participation

S. Bonfiglioli Stagni, P. Tomba, A. Viganò, A. Zati, M. G. Benedetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The First World War produced a huge number of disabled soldiers. During the war, surgeons realized that it was not enough to merely treat the limbs of the wounded soldiers; it was also necessary to train them to use their remaining abilities to their greatest capacity. Governments at the same time realized that such a high number of veterans created a financial burden, by entitling disabled veterans to full healthcare, raising the issues of social welfare. Both in the US and Europe, programs of rehabilitation were instituted, providing injured soldiers with long-term medical care and vocational training aimed at restituting soldier's independence for a speedy return to work. In Italy at the Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, one of the most renowned Hospitals for the treatment of orthopedic deformities, Putti set up a technologically advanced Orthopedic Workshop, and a Rehabilitation House. The so called "reconstruction programs" addressed all aspects of rehabilitation (including physiotherapy, curative workshops and vocational therapy), seeing disability in terms of function. The experience gained in the treatment of war victims markedly enriched rehabilitation techniques, but overall the First World War helped engender the concept of rehabilitative programs to assist disabled veterans reintegrate in the workplace, thus laying the foundations of the modern concept of participation at a social level. In the centenary of Italy's entry into the First World War, it is worth underlining just how much hindsight affords us a new perspective on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. It reminds us that rehabilitation is not merely the role of medicine, but forms part of a multifaceted approach involving societal roles and expectations, regardless of the psychological and physical impairments suffered by the individuals concerned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-336
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume51
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

Fingerprint

World War I
Military Personnel
Rehabilitation
Veterans
Italy
Orthopedics
Vocational Education
Education
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Return to Work
Social Welfare
Long-Term Care
Workplace
Therapeutics
Extremities
Medicine
Psychology
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • Disability-
  • Occupational therapy
  • Rehabilitation-
  • War-

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

The First World War drives rehabilitation toward the modern concepts of disability and participation. / Stagni, S. Bonfiglioli; Tomba, P.; Viganò, A.; Zati, A.; Benedetti, M. G.

In: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol. 51, No. 3, 01.06.2015, p. 331-336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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