Magnetic resonance techniques have become increasingly important in neurology for defining: 1 brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerve or muscle structure; 2 pathological changes in tissue structures and properties; and 3 dynamic patterns of functional activation of the brain. New applications have been driven in part by advances in hardware, particularly improvements in magnet and gradient coil design. New imaging strategies allow novel approaches to contrast with, for example, diffusion imaging, magnetization transfer imaging, perfusion imaging and functional magnetic resonance imaging. In parallel with developments in hardware and image acquisition have been new approaches to image analysis. These have allowed quantitative descriptions of the image changes to be used for a precise, non-invasive definition of pathology. With the increasing capabilities and specificity of magnetic resonance techniques it is becoming more important that the neurologist is intimately involved in both the selection of magnetic resonance studies for patients and their interpretation. There is a need for considerably improved access to magnetic resonance technology, particularly in the acute or intensive care ward and in the neurosurgical theatre. This report illustrates several key developments. The task force concludes that magnetic resonance imaging is a major clinical tool of growing significance and offers recommendations for maximizing the potential future for magnetic resonance techniques in neurology.
- Functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS)
- Medical education
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology