The Games for Older Adults Active Life (GOAL) project for people with mild cognitive impairment and vascular cognitive impairment: A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

GOAL Working Group, Laura Fabbri, Irene Eleonora Mosca, Filippo Gerli, Leonardo Martini, Silvia Pancani, Giulia Lucidi, Federica Savazzi, Francesca Baglio, Federica Vannetti, Claudio Macchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: People living with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Vascular Cognitive Impairment (VCI) are persons who do not fulfill a diagnosis of dementia, but who have a high risk of progressing to a dementia disorder. The most recent guidelines to counteract cognitive decline in MCI/VCI subjects suggest a multidimensional and multidomain interventions combining cognitive, physical, and social activities. The purpose of this study is to test an innovative service that provides a multi-dimensional tele-rehabilitation program through a user-friendly web application. The latter has been developed through a participatory design involving MCI specialists, patients, and their caregivers. Particularly, the proposed tele-rehabilitation program includes cognitive, physical, and caregiver-supported social activities. The goal is to promote and preserve an active life style and counteract cognitive decline in people living with MCI/VCI. Methods:The study is a randomized controlled trial. Sixty subjects will be randomly assigned to the experimental group, who will receive the tele-rehabilitation program, or the control group, who will not receive any treatment. The trial protocol comprises three steps of assessment for the experimental group: at the baseline (T_0), after tele-rehabilitation program (T_1) and at follow-up after 12-months (T_2). Differently, the control group will be assessed twice: at the baseline and at 12-months follow-up. Both the experimental and the control group will be assessed with a multidimensional evaluation battery, including cognitive functioning, behavioral, functional, and quality of life measures. The tele-rehabilitation program lasts 8 weeks and includes cognitive exercises 3 days a week, physical activities 2 days a week, and social activities once a week. In addition, group will be given an actigraph (GENEActiv, Activisinghts Ltd., Cambridgshire, UK) to track physical and sleep activity. Discussion:Results of this study will inform on the efficacy of the proposed tele-rehabilitation to prevent or delay further cognitive decline in MCI/VCI subjects. The expected outcome is to counteract cognitive decline and improve both physical functioning and quality of life. Ethics and Dissemination:The study is approved by the Local Ethics Committee and registered in (NCT03383549). Dissemination will include submission to a peer-reviewed journal, patients, and healthcare magazines and congress presentations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1040
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Issue numberJAN
Publication statusPublished - Jan 11 2019


  • Cognitive training
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Tele-rehabilitation
  • Vascular cognitive impairment
  • Web application

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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