The authors report the results they obtained in a retrospective comparative study conducted on two systems of osteosynthesis used to treat trochanteric fractures: the sliding-compression screw-plate (CHS), and the Gamma nail. Two series were included in the study, each of which was made up of 50 cases; these were comparable in terms of fracture type, age of the patients, associated pathologies, and minimum follow-ups of 6 months. The parameters compared were: surgical trauma, average amount of time before a standing position could be resumed, resumption of motor activity previous to trauma, mechanical behavior of the instrumentation. The results show that both of the means of synthesis are capable of effectively stabilizing pertrochanteric fractures, avoiding the mechanical complications instead observed when more dated instrumentation, such as the screw-plate or nail-plate, are used, systems which are not characterized by a sliding cervico-cephalic screw. The amount of time before walking is resumed is quicker when the Gamma nail is used. There was no significant difference in terms of resumption of motor activity. Surgical trauma was the same in both series when the instrumentation was applied after reduction of the fracture in closed surgery, while blood loss was greater when fracture reduction required by application of the plate was performed in open surgery.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||La Chirurgia degli organi di movimento|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1992|
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