The gender, age and risk factor distribution differs in self-reported allergic and non-allergic rhinitis: A cross-sectional population-based study

Lucia Cazzoletti, Marcello Ferrari, Mario Olivieri, Giuseppe Verlato, Leonardo Antonicelli, Roberto Bono, Lucio Casali, Isa Cerveri, Pierpaolo Marchetti, Pietro Pirina, Andrea Rossi, Simona Villani, Roberto Marco

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Abstract

Background: Few population-based studies have assessed the prevalence and the risk factors of non-allergic rhinitis (NAR) in comparison to allergic rhinitis (AR). Moreover, epidemiologic data on rhinitis in the elderly subjects and in southern Europe are scarce. Objective: This study aimed at estimating the prevalence and at comparing the risk factor distribution of AR and NAR in a general population sample aged 20-84years in Italy. Methods: A questionnaire on respiratory symptoms and risk factors was administered to random samples of the Italian population aged 20-44 (n=10,494) 45-64 (n=2167) and 65-84 (n=1030) in the frame of the Gene Environment Interactions in Respiratory Diseases (GEIRD) study. Current AR and NAR were defined according to the self-reported presence of nasal allergies or of nasal symptoms without a cold or the flu. Results: NAR showed a significant descending pattern in females from 12.0% (95% CI 11.1, 13.1) in the 20-44year age class, to 7.5% (5.4, 10.3) in the 65-84year age class (p=0.0009), and a roughly stable pattern in males, from 10.2% (9.3, 11.2) to 11.1% (8.4, 13.9) (p=0.5261). AR decreased from 26.6% (25.7, 27.6) in 20-44years age class to 15.6% (13.3, 18.0) in the 65-84years age class (p

Original languageEnglish
Article number36
JournalAllergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 4 2015

Keywords

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Elderly subjects
  • Environmental exposures
  • Multilevel model
  • Non allergic rhinitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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    Cazzoletti, L., Ferrari, M., Olivieri, M., Verlato, G., Antonicelli, L., Bono, R., Casali, L., Cerveri, I., Marchetti, P., Pirina, P., Rossi, A., Villani, S., & Marco, R. (2015). The gender, age and risk factor distribution differs in self-reported allergic and non-allergic rhinitis: A cross-sectional population-based study. Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology, 11(1), [36]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13223-015-0101-1