The gender, age and risk factor distribution differs in self-reported allergic and non-allergic rhinitis: A cross-sectional population-based study

Lucia Cazzoletti, Marcello Ferrari, Mario Olivieri, Giuseppe Verlato, Leonardo Antonicelli, Roberto Bono, Lucio Casali, Isa Cerveri, Pierpaolo Marchetti, Pietro Pirina, Andrea Rossi, Simona Villani, Roberto Marco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Few population-based studies have assessed the prevalence and the risk factors of non-allergic rhinitis (NAR) in comparison to allergic rhinitis (AR). Moreover, epidemiologic data on rhinitis in the elderly subjects and in southern Europe are scarce. Objective: This study aimed at estimating the prevalence and at comparing the risk factor distribution of AR and NAR in a general population sample aged 20-84years in Italy. Methods: A questionnaire on respiratory symptoms and risk factors was administered to random samples of the Italian population aged 20-44 (n=10,494) 45-64 (n=2167) and 65-84 (n=1030) in the frame of the Gene Environment Interactions in Respiratory Diseases (GEIRD) study. Current AR and NAR were defined according to the self-reported presence of nasal allergies or of nasal symptoms without a cold or the flu. Results: NAR showed a significant descending pattern in females from 12.0% (95% CI 11.1, 13.1) in the 20-44year age class, to 7.5% (5.4, 10.3) in the 65-84year age class (p=0.0009), and a roughly stable pattern in males, from 10.2% (9.3, 11.2) to 11.1% (8.4, 13.9) (p=0.5261). AR decreased from 26.6% (25.7, 27.6) in 20-44years age class to 15.6% (13.3, 18.0) in the 65-84years age class (p

Original languageEnglish
Article number36
JournalAllergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 4 2015

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Age Factors
Rhinitis
Population
Nose
Gene-Environment Interaction
Italy
Hypersensitivity
Allergic Rhinitis

Keywords

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Elderly subjects
  • Environmental exposures
  • Multilevel model
  • Non allergic rhinitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

The gender, age and risk factor distribution differs in self-reported allergic and non-allergic rhinitis : A cross-sectional population-based study. / Cazzoletti, Lucia; Ferrari, Marcello; Olivieri, Mario; Verlato, Giuseppe; Antonicelli, Leonardo; Bono, Roberto; Casali, Lucio; Cerveri, Isa; Marchetti, Pierpaolo; Pirina, Pietro; Rossi, Andrea; Villani, Simona; Marco, Roberto.

In: Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology, Vol. 11, No. 1, 36, 04.12.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cazzoletti, L, Ferrari, M, Olivieri, M, Verlato, G, Antonicelli, L, Bono, R, Casali, L, Cerveri, I, Marchetti, P, Pirina, P, Rossi, A, Villani, S & Marco, R 2015, 'The gender, age and risk factor distribution differs in self-reported allergic and non-allergic rhinitis: A cross-sectional population-based study', Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology, vol. 11, no. 1, 36. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13223-015-0101-1
Cazzoletti, Lucia ; Ferrari, Marcello ; Olivieri, Mario ; Verlato, Giuseppe ; Antonicelli, Leonardo ; Bono, Roberto ; Casali, Lucio ; Cerveri, Isa ; Marchetti, Pierpaolo ; Pirina, Pietro ; Rossi, Andrea ; Villani, Simona ; Marco, Roberto. / The gender, age and risk factor distribution differs in self-reported allergic and non-allergic rhinitis : A cross-sectional population-based study. In: Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology. 2015 ; Vol. 11, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: Few population-based studies have assessed the prevalence and the risk factors of non-allergic rhinitis (NAR) in comparison to allergic rhinitis (AR). Moreover, epidemiologic data on rhinitis in the elderly subjects and in southern Europe are scarce. Objective: This study aimed at estimating the prevalence and at comparing the risk factor distribution of AR and NAR in a general population sample aged 20-84years in Italy. Methods: A questionnaire on respiratory symptoms and risk factors was administered to random samples of the Italian population aged 20-44 (n=10,494) 45-64 (n=2167) and 65-84 (n=1030) in the frame of the Gene Environment Interactions in Respiratory Diseases (GEIRD) study. Current AR and NAR were defined according to the self-reported presence of nasal allergies or of nasal symptoms without a cold or the flu. Results: NAR showed a significant descending pattern in females from 12.0{\%} (95{\%} CI 11.1, 13.1) in the 20-44year age class, to 7.5{\%} (5.4, 10.3) in the 65-84year age class (p=0.0009), and a roughly stable pattern in males, from 10.2{\%} (9.3, 11.2) to 11.1{\%} (8.4, 13.9) (p=0.5261). AR decreased from 26.6{\%} (25.7, 27.6) in 20-44years age class to 15.6{\%} (13.3, 18.0) in the 65-84years age class (p",
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AU - Olivieri, Mario

AU - Verlato, Giuseppe

AU - Antonicelli, Leonardo

AU - Bono, Roberto

AU - Casali, Lucio

AU - Cerveri, Isa

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AU - Pirina, Pietro

AU - Rossi, Andrea

AU - Villani, Simona

AU - Marco, Roberto

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KW - Elderly subjects

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