The genetic basis of undiagnosed muscular dystrophies and myopathies

Marco Savarese, Giuseppina Di Fruscio, Annalaura Torella, Chiara Fiorillo, Francesca Magri, Marina Fanin, Lucia Ruggiero, Giulia Ricci, Guja Astrea, Luigia Passamano, Alessandra Ruggieri, Dario Ronchi, Giorgio Tasca, Adele D'Amico, Sandra Janssens, Olimpia Farina, Margherita Mutarelli, Veer Singh Marwah, Arcomaria Garofalo, Teresa GiuglianoSimone Sanpaolo, Francesca Del Vecchio Blanco, Gaia Esposito, Giulio Piluso, Paola D'Ambrosio, Roberta Petillo, Olimpia Musumeci, Carmelo Rodolico, Sonia Messina, Anni Evilä, Peter Hackman, Massimiliano Filosto, Giuseppe Di Iorio, Gabriele Siciliano, Marina Mora, Lorenzo Maggi, Carlo Minetti, Sabrina Sacconi, Lucio Santoro, Kathleen Claes, Liliana Vercelli, Tiziana Mongini, Enzo Ricci, Francesca Gualandi, Rossella Tupler, Jan De Bleecker, Bjarne Udd, Antonio Toscano, Maurizio Moggio, Elena Pegoraro, Enrico Bertini, Eugenio Mercuri, Corrado Angelini, Filippo Maria Santorelli, Luisa Politano, Claudio Bruno, Giacomo Pietro Comi, Vincenzo Nigro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To apply next-generation sequencing (NGS) for the investigation of the genetic basis of undiagnosed muscular dystrophies and myopathies in a very large cohort of patients. Methods: We applied an NGS-based platform namedMotorPlex to our diagnostic workflow to test muscle disease genes with a high sensitivity and specificity for small DNA variants. We analyzed 504 undiagnosed patients mostly referred as being affected by limb-girdle muscular dystrophy or congenital myopathy. Results: MotorPlex provided a complete molecular diagnosis in 218 cases (43.3%). A further 160 patients (31.7%) showed as yet unproven candidate variants. Pathogenic variants were found in 47 of 93 genes, and in more than 30%of cases, the phenotype was nonconventional, broadening the spectrum of disease presentation in at least 10 genes. Conclusions: Our large DNA study of patients with undiagnosed myopathy is an example of the ongoing revolution in molecular diagnostics, highlighting the advantages in using NGS as a first-tier approach for heterogeneous genetic conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-76
Number of pages6
JournalNeurology
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 5 2016

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    Savarese, M., Di Fruscio, G., Torella, A., Fiorillo, C., Magri, F., Fanin, M., Ruggiero, L., Ricci, G., Astrea, G., Passamano, L., Ruggieri, A., Ronchi, D., Tasca, G., D'Amico, A., Janssens, S., Farina, O., Mutarelli, M., Marwah, V. S., Garofalo, A., ... Nigro, V. (2016). The genetic basis of undiagnosed muscular dystrophies and myopathies. Neurology, 87(1), 71-76. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000002800