The GHRH+arginine stimulated pituitary GH secretion in children and adults with Prader-Willi syndrome shows age- and BMI-dependent and genotype-related differences

E. Marostica, G. Grugni, G. De Nicolao, N. Marazzi, A. Crinò, M. Cappa, A. Sartorio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: The quantitative and qualitative aspects of the pituitary response in children and adults with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are compared in order to verify the possible age-dependent and genotype-related differences in terms of GH secretion. Design: 29 young subjects (21 males and 8 females) and 65 adults (24 males and 41 females) with PWS were studied. All subjects underwent a standard GH Releasing Hormone (GHRH 1-29, 1. μg/kg as i.v. bolus at 0. minutes). +. arginine (0.5. g/kg) test. Peak GH values, standard GH area under the curve (AUC), AUC of the instantaneous secretion rate (ISR), and secretion response analysis (i.e. half-secretion time) were evaluated. A regression analysis was performed to investigate which are the patient characteristics that affect the amplitude and shape of the GH secretion response. Results: Peak GH values and AUCGH were significantly higher in PWS children than in PWS adults, these differences being also significant both in PWS DEL15 (only peak GH value) and PWS UPD15. Moreover, PWS children showed significantly lower half secretion time than PWS adults, this delayed response being present both in PWS DEL15 and PWS UPD15.Significant negative correlations between AUCGH and BMISDS were observed in the two groups (adults and children), as well as in adults and children DEL15, but not in adults and children PWS UPD15. A regression analysis performed on the whole dataset showed that for PWS DEL15 the statistically significant variable explaining GH responsiveness was BMISDS (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-266
Number of pages6
JournalGrowth Hormone and IGF Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013



  • Adults
  • Children
  • Deconvolution analysis
  • GH response
  • Prader-Willi syndrome
  • Qualitative analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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