The gluteal fold fascio-cutaneous flap for reconstruction after radical excision of primary vulvar cancers

S. Franchelli, M. S. Leone, M. Bruzzone, M. Muggianu, A. Puppo, C. Gustavino, E. Di Capua, M. G. Centurioni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Reconstructive surgery plays an important role in cosmetic and functional results of major excisional surgery performed as a treatment for invasive vulvar cancer. Traditional techniques - gracilis myocutaneous o rectus abdominis flaps - have several limits. We describe here a different surgical approach that we have used since 1998 in an effort to obtain better results in vulvar reconstruction. Methods: From January 1998 to June 2007, thirty three patients who underwent excisional radical surgery for invasive vulvar tumors, were treated with vulvar reconstruction using the gluteal fold fascio-cutaneous local flap. Flaps were designed along the gluteal fold in adequate length and size. They were oval or triangular in shape depending on the defect they were supposed to cover. The flaps - which always included the fascial layer - were raised up to identify a perforator branch of the internal pudendal artery and then harvested as an island flap to achieve better mobility. Results: We had no major complications, only two patients presented marginal necrosis and eight patients experienced significant seromas. Advantages over the alternative techniques included reduced dimensions of scars, absence of flap liponecrosis, no need of modifying patient's position on the surgical table, and very limited blood loss. Conclusions: We conclude that gluteal fold flap offers excellent cosmetic and functional results with a low complication rate. Therefore we support the gluteal fold flap as a valid surgical option whenever reconstruction is needed after radical excision of vulvar neoplasms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-248
Number of pages4
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume113
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2009

Keywords

  • Gluteal fold fascio-cutaneous flap
  • Gynecological surgery
  • Vulvar cancer
  • Vulvar reconstruction
  • Vulvectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Oncology

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