The Growing Use of Virtual Reality in Cognitive Rehabilitation: Fact, Fake or Vision? A Scoping Review

Maria Grazia Maggio, Giuseppa Maresca, Rosaria De Luca, Maria Chiara Stagnitti, Bruno Porcari, Maria Cristina Ferrera, Franco Galletti, Carmela Casella, Alfredo Manuli, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review


Objective: This review aims to evaluate the role of Virtual Reality (VR) in cognitive rehabilitation of different neurological diseases, and the accessibility to healthcare systems providing this type of treatment. Method of Research: Studies performed between 2003 and 2017 and fulfilling the selected criteria were found on PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane and Web of Sciences databases. The search combined the terms VR rehabilitation with different neurological disease. Results: Our findings showed that neurological patients performed significant improvement in many cognitive domains (executive and visual-spatial abilities; speech, attention and memory skills) following the use of VR training. Conclusions: This review supports the idea that rehabilitation through new VR tools could positively affect neurological patients’ outcomes, by boosting motivation and participation so to get a better response to treatment. In particular, VR can be used to enhance the effects of conventional therapies, promoting longer training sessions and a reduction in overall hospitalization time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-463
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • Cognition
  • Healthcare allocation
  • Neurological diseases
  • Neurorehabilitation
  • Virtual reality training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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