The head-centered meridian effect: Auditory attention orienting in conditions of impaired visuo-spatial information

Marta Olivetti Belardinelli, Valerio Santangelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper examines the characteristics of spatial attention orienting in situations of visual impairment. Two groups of subjects, respectively schizophrenic and blind, with different degrees of visual spatial information impairment, were tested. In Experiment 1, the schizophrenic subjects were instructed to detect an auditory target, which was preceded by a visual cue. The cue could appear in the same location as the target, separated from it respectively by the vertical visual meridian (VM), the vertical head-centered meridian (HCM) or another meridian. Similarly to normal subjects tested with the same paradigm (Ferlazzo, Couyoumdjian, Padovani, and Olivetti Belardinelli, 2002), schizophrenic subjects showed slower reactions times (RTs) when cued, and when the target locations were on the opposite sides of the HCM. This HCM effect strengthens the assumption that different auditory and visual spatial maps underlie the representation of attention orienting mechanisms. In Experiment 2, blind subjects were asked to detect an auditory target, which had been preceded by an auditory cue, while staring at an imaginary point. The point was located either to the left or to the right, in order to control for ocular movements and maintain the dissociation between the HCM and the VM. Differences between crossing and no-crossing conditions of HCM were not found. Therefore it is possible to consider the HCM effect as a consequence of the interaction between visual and auditory modalities. Related theoretical issues are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-768
Number of pages8
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Volume27
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 8 2005

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Keywords

  • Auditory attention orienting
  • Blindness
  • Head-centered meridian effect
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)

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