The hierarchical organization of natural protein interaction networks confers self-organization properties on pseudocells

Eugenia Galeota, Caius Gravila, Filippo Castiglione, Massimo Bernaschi, Gianni Cesareni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Cell organization is governed and maintained via specific interactions among its constituent macromolecules. Comparison of the experimentally determined protein interaction networks in different model organisms has revealed little conservation of the specific edges linking ortholog proteins. Nevertheless, some topological characteristics of the graphs representing the networks - namely non-random degree distribution and high clustering coefficient - are shared by networks of distantly related organisms. Here we investigate the role of the topological features of the protein interaction network in promoting cell organization. Methods: We have used a stochastic model, dubbed ProtNet representing a computer stylized cell to answer questions about the dynamic consequences of the topological properties of the static graphs representing protein interaction networks. Results: By using a novel metrics of cell organization, we show that natural networks, differently from random networks, can promote cell self-organization. Furthermore the ensemble of protein complexes that forms in pseudocells, which self-organize according to the interaction rules of natural networks, are more robust to perturbations. Conclusions: The analysis of the dynamic properties of networks with a variety of topological characteristics lead us to conclude that self organization is a consequence of the high clustering coefficient, whereas the scale free degree distribution has little influence on this property.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberS3
JournalBMC Systems Biology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Structural Biology
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications

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