Two-dimensional gel maps of proteins phosphorylated by the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and erbB-2 kinases were obtained, to investigate the molecular basis of the different biological properties of these two molecules. Several proteins were phosphorylated by EGFR or erbB-2 with different stoichiometry. Differences were either quantitative or qualitative. In NIH3T3 cells, erbB-2 is 100-fold more transforming than EGFR. In the same cell line several proteins were preferentially phosphorylated by erbB-2, as compared to EGFR. To identify which of these substrates might be directly involved in mitogenic signaling, we obtained two-dimensional maps of proteins phosphorylated on tyrosine by EGFR/ret and an EGFR/erbB-2(TK) chimeric receptors. Both these chimerae behaved indistinguishably from erbB-2 in a number of bioassays and potently transformed NIH3T3 cells. Paxillin and a 23 kDa substrate were invariably phosphorylated to higher stoichiometry whenever potent mitogenic and transforming signals were activated. We propose that paxillin and the 23 kDa substrate are important elements in the erbB2 and ret-activated mitogenic and transforming signaling.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research