The history of the hypophysis: The pioneering studies of edoardo gemelli

Marco Riva, Giorgio Cosmacini, Pietro Mortini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research into the embryological development of organs has been of relevant interest for contemporary medicine since the 19th century. In particular, some organs, such as the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, were deemed not to have a specific function. They were thus considered as rudimental organs, a mere residue of evolution. Edoardo Gemelli was an Italian doctor and friar, who was among the first to study this topic, under the supervision of Professor Camillo Golgi in Italy from 1903 to 1908. He gave a detailed description of the embryological development of the pituitary gland in mammals, also unveiling the functional role of the gland in water balance and growth. He addressed and tried to correctly embody the relevance of Darwin's theory of evolution, which was spreading following its publication in 1859. His findings, herein reported, are thus of both scientific and anthropological relevance for their contribution to the understanding of the morphofunctional nature of the hypophysis and of the theory of evolution, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1483-1489
Number of pages7
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume68
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

Fingerprint

Pituitary Gland
History
Anthropology
Italy
Publications
Mammals
Medicine
Water
Growth
Research

Keywords

  • Black stain reaction
  • Edoardo Gemelli
  • Embryology
  • Evolution
  • Pituitary gland

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

Cite this

The history of the hypophysis : The pioneering studies of edoardo gemelli. / Riva, Marco; Cosmacini, Giorgio; Mortini, Pietro.

In: Neurosurgery, Vol. 68, No. 6, 06.2011, p. 1483-1489.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Riva, Marco ; Cosmacini, Giorgio ; Mortini, Pietro. / The history of the hypophysis : The pioneering studies of edoardo gemelli. In: Neurosurgery. 2011 ; Vol. 68, No. 6. pp. 1483-1489.
@article{2547eb4f2480426b8007140994b61128,
title = "The history of the hypophysis: The pioneering studies of edoardo gemelli",
abstract = "Research into the embryological development of organs has been of relevant interest for contemporary medicine since the 19th century. In particular, some organs, such as the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, were deemed not to have a specific function. They were thus considered as rudimental organs, a mere residue of evolution. Edoardo Gemelli was an Italian doctor and friar, who was among the first to study this topic, under the supervision of Professor Camillo Golgi in Italy from 1903 to 1908. He gave a detailed description of the embryological development of the pituitary gland in mammals, also unveiling the functional role of the gland in water balance and growth. He addressed and tried to correctly embody the relevance of Darwin's theory of evolution, which was spreading following its publication in 1859. His findings, herein reported, are thus of both scientific and anthropological relevance for their contribution to the understanding of the morphofunctional nature of the hypophysis and of the theory of evolution, respectively.",
keywords = "Black stain reaction, Edoardo Gemelli, Embryology, Evolution, Pituitary gland",
author = "Marco Riva and Giorgio Cosmacini and Pietro Mortini",
year = "2011",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1227/NEU.0b013e31820f33d2",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
pages = "1483--1489",
journal = "Neurosurgery",
issn = "0148-396X",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The history of the hypophysis

T2 - The pioneering studies of edoardo gemelli

AU - Riva, Marco

AU - Cosmacini, Giorgio

AU - Mortini, Pietro

PY - 2011/6

Y1 - 2011/6

N2 - Research into the embryological development of organs has been of relevant interest for contemporary medicine since the 19th century. In particular, some organs, such as the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, were deemed not to have a specific function. They were thus considered as rudimental organs, a mere residue of evolution. Edoardo Gemelli was an Italian doctor and friar, who was among the first to study this topic, under the supervision of Professor Camillo Golgi in Italy from 1903 to 1908. He gave a detailed description of the embryological development of the pituitary gland in mammals, also unveiling the functional role of the gland in water balance and growth. He addressed and tried to correctly embody the relevance of Darwin's theory of evolution, which was spreading following its publication in 1859. His findings, herein reported, are thus of both scientific and anthropological relevance for their contribution to the understanding of the morphofunctional nature of the hypophysis and of the theory of evolution, respectively.

AB - Research into the embryological development of organs has been of relevant interest for contemporary medicine since the 19th century. In particular, some organs, such as the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, were deemed not to have a specific function. They were thus considered as rudimental organs, a mere residue of evolution. Edoardo Gemelli was an Italian doctor and friar, who was among the first to study this topic, under the supervision of Professor Camillo Golgi in Italy from 1903 to 1908. He gave a detailed description of the embryological development of the pituitary gland in mammals, also unveiling the functional role of the gland in water balance and growth. He addressed and tried to correctly embody the relevance of Darwin's theory of evolution, which was spreading following its publication in 1859. His findings, herein reported, are thus of both scientific and anthropological relevance for their contribution to the understanding of the morphofunctional nature of the hypophysis and of the theory of evolution, respectively.

KW - Black stain reaction

KW - Edoardo Gemelli

KW - Embryology

KW - Evolution

KW - Pituitary gland

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79955891682&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79955891682&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1227/NEU.0b013e31820f33d2

DO - 10.1227/NEU.0b013e31820f33d2

M3 - Article

C2 - 21336220

AN - SCOPUS:79955891682

VL - 68

SP - 1483

EP - 1489

JO - Neurosurgery

JF - Neurosurgery

SN - 0148-396X

IS - 6

ER -