The history of total knee arthroplasty (TKA)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The knee is a diarthrosis joint composed of four bones: the femur, the tibia, the patella, the proximal part of the fibula. Articular conformity between the femur and the tibia is provided by two fibrocartilagineous discs: the external and internal menisci. The knee ligaments are the anterior and posterior cruciate ligament, the internal and external collateral ligaments, and the patellar tendon.Current total knee arthroplasty is made up of a femoral component and a tibial component of cobalt-chromium alloys, and a platform/insert of polyethylene.Recently, oxidized zirconium or ceramic femoral components were used in the development of new TKAs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSurgical Techniques in Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) and Alternative Procedures
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages3-16
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781782420385, 9781782420309
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 17 2014

Keywords

  • Femur
  • Insert
  • Knee anatomy
  • Prostheses
  • Tibia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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