The concerted activities of kinases and phosphatases modulate the phosphorylation levels of proteins, lipids and carbohydrates in eukaryotic cells. Despite considerable effort, we are still missing a holistic picture representing, at a proteome level, the functional relationships between kinases, phosphatases and their substrates. Here we focus on phosphatases and we review and integrate the available information that helps to place the members of the protein phosphatase superfamilies into the human protein interaction network. In addition we show how protein interaction domains and motifs, either covalently linked to the phosphatase domain or in regulatory/adaptor subunits, play a prominent role in substrate selection.
- Human phosphatome
- Phosphatase family classification
- Substrate recognition specificity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Structural Biology