The human Y chromosome's azoospermia factor b (AZFb) region: Sequence, structure, and deletion analysis in infertile men

A. Ferlin, E. Moro, A. Rossi, B. Dallapiccola, C. Foresta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Microdeletions of the Y chromosome long arm are the most common mutations in infertile males, where they involve one or more "azoospermia factors" (AZFa, b, and c). Understanding of the AZF structure and gene content and mapping of the deletion breakpoints in infertile men are still incomplete. We have assembled a complete 4.3 Mb map of AZFb and surrounding regions by means of 38 BAC clones. The proximal part of AZFb consists of large repeated sequences organised in palindromes, but most of it is single copy sequence. A number of known and novel genes and gene families map in this interval, and most of them are testis specific or have testis specific transcripts. STS mapping allowed us to identify four severely infertile subjects with a deletion in AZFb with similar breakpoints, therefore suggesting a common deletion mechanism. This deletion includes at least five single copy genes and two duplicated genes, but does not remove the historical AZFb candidate gene RBMY1. These data suggest that other genes in AZFb may have important roles in spermatogenesis. We had no evidence for homologous recombination between large repeats as a possible deletion mechanism, as shown for AZFa and AZFc. However, identical sequences in AZFb and AZFc exist, and this finding could explain deletions found in these regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-24
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Medical Genetics
Volume40
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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