Ideal composition of formulas should be resulting in effects on growth pattern, biochemical markers and functional outcome comparable with those obtained with exclusive breastfeeding. In terms of composition, minimum and maximum values are based, where available, on adequate scientific data on infant requirements and the absence of adverse effects. Whereas to special components, high beta-palmitate content and LCPUFA supplementation have shown proven benefits. Lactoferrin supplementation holds promising results in terms of growth and immune response. The use either of prebiotics and probiotics alone, or in combination, is still a matter of debate. Other components such as polyamine, nucleotides and peptides are still to be proven of any benefit. Composition of infant formulas should be tailored on providing nutritional or functional benefits.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology