Introduction: Tumor-derived heat shock protein (HSP)peptide complexes (HSPPCs) induced immunity against malignancies in preclinical trials, working across tumor types and bypassing the need to identify single immunogenic peptides. These results paved the way for the use of human gp96 obtained from autologous tumor samples as an anti-cancer vaccine. Areas covered: Autologous tumor-derived HSP gp96 peptide complex (HSPPC-96) vaccine is emerging as a tumor- and patient-specific cancer vaccine, with confirmed activity in several malignancies. It has been tested in Phase III clinical trials in advanced melanoma and kidney cancer with evidence for efficacy in patients with earlier stage disease. HSPPC-96-based vaccine demonstrated an excellent safety profile, thus emerging as a novel therapeutic approach with a suggestive role in cancer therapy. This review summarizes work on the use of HSPPC-96 as an autologous anti-tumor vaccine in advanced melanoma. Data were retrieved by PubMed and Medline research and using the authors' personal experience. Expert opinion: Further investigations are needed to understand the biological basis of immune functions in order to improve the clinical outcome of HSP-based cancer therapy. In the near future, the combination of HSP-based vaccines with other biological compounds might represent a successful strategy in the therapy of advanced melanoma.
- Heat shock protein peptide complex
- Heat shock proteins
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Drug Discovery