The Immunosignature of Mother/Fetus Couples in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Role of HLA-G 14 bp ins/del and PAPP-A A/C Polymorphisms in the Uterine Inflammatory Milieu

Miryam Martinetti, Fausta Beneventi, Cristina Capittini, Elena Locatelli, Margherita Simonetta, Chiara Cavagnoli, Irene De Maggio, Annalisa De Silvestri, Annamaria Pasi, Arsenio Spinillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We enrolled 151 healthy mother/newborn couples and 26 with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). HLA-G and PAPP-A plasma levels were measured by ELISA at first and second trimesters, at delivery, and in cord blood. HLA-G 14 bp ins/del and PAPP-A A/C polymorphisms were genotyped. HLA-G del/del and PAPP-A C/C genotypes were more frequent among GDM mothers than controls. We observed a genetic epistasis between the two polymorphisms: The HLA-G del/del and PAPP-A C/C combination was carried by 8% of GDM mothers and 1.3% of controls (OR = 9.5, 95% CI = 0.8-109, p=0.07). GDM mothers showed increased sHLA-G levels compared to controls (p=0.004), and those carrying the HLA-G del/del genotype produced more sHLA-G at the second trimester and at delivery (p=0.014). A genetic pressure by fetal genotype on maternal sHLA-G production was observed in GDM mothers with heterozygous HLA-G del/ins newborns (p=0.02). Babies born to GDM mothers showed higher sHLA-G concentrations compared to those born to healthy mothers, and those carrying HLA-G del/del showed the highest sHLA-G levels (p=0.013). PAPP-A amounts significantly increased along pregnancy (p<0.001), but the median levels at the first and second trimesters were significantly lower in GDM (p=0.03). Our findings first suggest an involvement of HLA-G and PAPP-A gene-protein interaction in GDM and highlight a possible contribution of the fetus in balancing maternal inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4254750
JournalDisease Markers
Volume2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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