The impact of a successful treatment of hepatitis C virus on glyco-metabolic control in diabetic patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Carla Carnovale, Marco Pozzi, Alice Dassano, Francesca D’Addio, Marta Gentili, Carlo Magni, Emilio Clementi, Sonia Radice, Paolo Fiorina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: The effect of HCV eradication following the use of direct-acting antiviral drugs (DAAs) on the glyco-metabolic control is unknown. Through a meta-analysis of available clinical studies, we investigated whether eradication of HCV infection with interferon-free DAAs is associated with improved glyco-metabolic control in diabetic patients. Methods: We searched the PubMed, MEDLINE and Embase, up to 08th June 2018, for all studies evaluating whether eradication of HCV infection with DAAs is associated with changes in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels from baseline in human subjects, without restrictions for study type and language. Data were independently extracted by two researchers using pre-specified forms. Random effects meta-analyses were conducted on HbA1c and FPG levels before/after HCV eradication. Results: We found a significant mean reduction in HbA1c levels of − 0.45% (95% CI − 0.60 to − 0.30%; P < 0.001) and in FPG levels of − 22.03 mg/dL (95% CI − 41.61 to − 2.44 mg/dL; P = 0.03), with high heterogeneity between studies (χ2 = 20.4, P < 0.001, I2 = 80% and χ2 = 35.8, P = 0.001, I2 = 94%, respectively). The number of available manuscripts did not allow conducting a meta-regression to elucidate the role of sustained virological response and other confounders in determining the effect of direct-acting antiviral agents on HbA1c reduction. Conclusions: We found a significant improvement in glyco-metabolic control after HCV eradication (in terms of glycated haemoglobin and fasting plasma glucose levels reduction) following direct-acting antiviral treatment in patients with established diabetes, including a consequent positive impact on anti-diabetic therapies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Diabetologica
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Direct-acting antiviral agents
  • FPG
  • Glyco-metabolic control
  • HbA1c
  • Hepatitis C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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