The impact of cancer: An Italian descriptive study involving 500 long-term cancer survivors

Barbara Muzzatti, Katiuscia Gipponi, Cristiana Flaiban, Claudia Cormio, Carlo Carnaghi, Paolo Tralongo, Michele Caruso, Raffaele Cavina, Umberto Tirelli, Maria Antonietta Annunziata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: The well-being and quality of life (QoL) of long-term cancer survivors may be affected, both positively and negatively, by psychosocial factors related to the experience of being a cancer patient. We investigated whether, in long-term cancer survivors, the psychosocial impacts of cancer associate with socio-demographic–clinical variables; whether, within the positive and negative dimensions taken separately, some impacts are more intense than others; and whether these impacts explain QoL. Methods: Italian long-term cancer survivors (n = 500) completed the Impact of Cancer (IOC-V2) and Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaires. Results: The IOC-V2 negative impact score associated with gender, education, occupational status and health issues, whereas no association was found between the positive impact score and socio-demographic–clinical variables. Of the positive impacts, Altruism/Empathy was the highest (p < 0.001); Positive self-evaluation was higher than Health awareness (p = 0.001); and Meaning of cancer was the lowest (p < 0.001). Among the negative impacts, Worry was the highest (p < 0.001), whereas Body changes concerns was higher than both Appearance concerns (p < 0.001) and Life Interferences (p < 0.001). The assessed impacts explained more than 25% of the variance of both physical and mental functioning scores. Conclusions: The provided data document psychosocial factors affecting QoL in Italian long-term cancer survivors.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13007
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer Care
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • cancer survivorship
  • impact of cancer
  • Neoplasm
  • oncology
  • quality of life
  • well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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