The impact of computed tomography slice thickness on the assessment of stereotactic, 3D conformal and intensity-modulated radiotherapy of brain tumors

R. Caivano, A. Fiorentino, P. Pedicini, G. Califano, V. Fusco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate radiotherapy treatment planning accuracy by varying computed tomography (CT) slice thickness and tumor size. Methods: CT datasets from patients with primary brain disease and metastatic brain disease were selected. Tumor volumes ranging from about 2.5 to 100 cc and CT scan at different slice thicknesses (1, 2, 4, 6 and 10 mm) were used to perform treatment planning (1-, 2-, 4-, 6- and 10-CT, respectively). For any slice thickness, a conformity index (CI) referring to 100, 98, 95 and 90 % isodoses and tumor size was computed. All the CI and volumes obtained were compared to evaluate the impact of CT slice thickness on treatment plans. Results: The smallest volumes reduce significantly if defined on 1-CT with respect to 4- and 6-CT, while the CT slice thickness does not affect target definition for the largest volumes. The mean CI for all the considered isodoses and CT slice thickness shows no statistical differences when 1-CT is compared to 2-CT. Comparing the mean CI of 1- with 4-CT and 1- with 6-CT, statistical differences appear only for the smallest volumes with respect to 100, 98 and 95 % isodoses-the CI for 90 % isodose being not statistically significant for all the considered PTVs. Conclusions: The accuracy of radiotherapy tumor volume definition depends on CT slice thickness. To achieve a better tumor definition and dose coverage, 1- and 2-CT would be suitable for small targets, while 4- and 6-CT are suitable for the other volumes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-508
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Translational Oncology
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Brain tumors
  • Conformity index
  • CT slice thickness
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Medicine(all)

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