The Impact of EuroSCORE II Risk Factors on Prediction of Long-Term Mortality

Fabio Barili, Davide Pacini, Mariangela D'Ovidio, Nicholas C. Dang, Francesco Alamanni, Roberto Di Bartolomeo, Claudio Grossi, Marina Davoli, Danilo Fusco, Alessandro Parolari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background The European System for Cardiac Operation Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) II has not been tested yet for predicting long-term mortality. This study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between EuroSCORE II and long-term mortality and to develop a new algorithm based on EuroSCORE II factors to predict long-term survival after cardiac surgery. Methods Complete data on 10,033 patients who underwent major cardiac surgery during a 7-year period were retrieved from three prospective institutional databases and linked with the Italian Tax Register Information System. Mortality at follow-up was analyzed with time-to-event analysis. Results The Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival at 1 and 5 were, respectively, 95.0% ± 0.2% and 84.7% ± 0.4%. Both discrimination and calibration of EuroSCORE II decreased in the prediction of 1-year and 5-year mortality. Nonetheless, EuroSCORE II was confirmed to be an independent predictor of long-term mortality with a nonlinear trend. Several EuroSCORE II variables were independent risk factors for long-term mortality in a regression model, most of all very low ejection fraction (less than 20%), salvage operation, and dialysis. In the final model, isolated mitral valve surgery and isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery were associated with improved long-term survival. Conclusions The EuroSCORE II cannot be considered a direct estimator of long-term risk of death, as its performance fades for mortality at follow-up longer than 30 days. Nonetheless, it is nonlinearly associated with long-term mortality, and most of its variables are risk factors for long-term mortality. Hence, they can be used in a different algorithm to stratify the risk of long-term mortality after surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1296-1303
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume102
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

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Mortality
Thoracic Surgery
Survival
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Mitral Valve
Information Systems
Coronary Artery Bypass
Calibration
Dialysis
Databases
Transplants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Barili, F., Pacini, D., D'Ovidio, M., Dang, N. C., Alamanni, F., Di Bartolomeo, R., ... Parolari, A. (2016). The Impact of EuroSCORE II Risk Factors on Prediction of Long-Term Mortality. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 102(4), 1296-1303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2016.04.017

The Impact of EuroSCORE II Risk Factors on Prediction of Long-Term Mortality. / Barili, Fabio; Pacini, Davide; D'Ovidio, Mariangela; Dang, Nicholas C.; Alamanni, Francesco; Di Bartolomeo, Roberto; Grossi, Claudio; Davoli, Marina; Fusco, Danilo; Parolari, Alessandro.

In: Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Vol. 102, No. 4, 01.10.2016, p. 1296-1303.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barili, F, Pacini, D, D'Ovidio, M, Dang, NC, Alamanni, F, Di Bartolomeo, R, Grossi, C, Davoli, M, Fusco, D & Parolari, A 2016, 'The Impact of EuroSCORE II Risk Factors on Prediction of Long-Term Mortality', Annals of Thoracic Surgery, vol. 102, no. 4, pp. 1296-1303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2016.04.017
Barili, Fabio ; Pacini, Davide ; D'Ovidio, Mariangela ; Dang, Nicholas C. ; Alamanni, Francesco ; Di Bartolomeo, Roberto ; Grossi, Claudio ; Davoli, Marina ; Fusco, Danilo ; Parolari, Alessandro. / The Impact of EuroSCORE II Risk Factors on Prediction of Long-Term Mortality. In: Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 2016 ; Vol. 102, No. 4. pp. 1296-1303.
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AU - Alamanni, Francesco

AU - Di Bartolomeo, Roberto

AU - Grossi, Claudio

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