The impact of healthy lifestyles on late sequelae in classical hodgkin lymphoma and diffuse large b-cell lymphoma survivors. A systematic review by the fondazione italiana linfomi.

Carla Minoia, Chiara Gerardi, Eleonora Allocati, Antonella Daniele, Vitaliana De Sanctis, Alessia Bari, Attilio Guarini

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In recent years, the scientific community has been paying ever more attention to the promotion of lifestyles aimed at the prevention of late toxicities related to anti-cancer treatments. Methods: Fondazione Italiana Linfomi (FIL) researchers conducted a systematic review in order to evaluate the evidence in favor of the promotion of lifestyles aimed at the prevention of the main sequelae of long-term classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in survivors treated at adulthood with first-line or second-line therapy, including autologous stem cell transplants (ASCTs). Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched up to December 2020. Results: Seven studies were ultimately included in this systematic review; some of them were eligible for multiple PICOS. The majority of the studies emerged from data extraction regarding cHL; less evidence resulted for DLBCL survivors. Five studies in favor of physical activity provided consistent data for a reduction of the cardiovascular risk in cHL and also in survivors who underwent ASCT. A beneficial effect of physical activity in reducing chronic fatigue was found. Being overweight was associated with a higher risk of coronary heart disease in cHL survivors in one of the two eligible studies. Studies aiming to evaluate the impact of the Mediterranean diet on late toxicities and secondary cancers were lacking. Tailored survivorship care plans (SCP) seemed to represent an optimal tool to guide the follow-up and promote healthier lifestyles in the one eligible study. Thus, promotion of healthy lifestyles and empowering of lymphoma survivors should be implemented through structured models. The study also brought to light numerous areas of future clinical research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3135
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 23 2021

Keywords

  • Classical Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
  • Healthy lifestyle
  • Physical exercise
  • Quality of life
  • Survivors
  • Survivorship care plan
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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