The impact of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and its treatment on the reproductive process

Anna Maria Anniciello, Elisabetta Tosti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are disorders of unknown aetiology that give rise from non-serious pathologie to serious chronic diseases and may be associated to other pathologies of immunological origin. Among IBD, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis seem to reduce human fertility and some related reproductive processes. In this study we summarize the extensive literature dealing with i) the impact of these two peculiar IBD pathologies on human infertility, conception, pregnancy and delivery ii) the risks associated with IBD therapies and miscarriages, pre-term delivery and congenital foetal malformations. The data reported show that the major risks in patients affected by IBD are associated with pre-term births and related complications. On the contrary, with some exceptions, the majority of studies do not support high toxicity risk associated, with current medications and therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-112
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Women's Health Reviews
Volume3
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2007

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • IBD
  • Reproduction
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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