Introduction: A urinoma is a fluid mass consisting of extravasated urine in the perirenal space. Its impact on renal function was analysed. Methods: All cases of prenatal and neonatal urinoma reported in the literature were analysed as well as two cases recently observed in our department. Results: A review of all prenatally diagnosed urinomas revealed 25 cases, for a total of 30 renal units. The cause of obstruction was: lower urinary tract (LUT) obstruction in 16 cases (62.5%), upper urinary tract (UUT) obstruction in seven cases (29.5%) and unknown in two cases (8%). A preserved renal function was found in only 30% of all cases. Furthermore, prognosis for renal function was better in posterior urethral valve (PUV) patients than in uretero-pelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) patients. In addition, we analysed 35 published cases of urinoma with a neonatal onset, without prenatal diagnosis, and secondary to LUT obstruction in 27 cases (77%), UUT obstruction in seven cases (20%), while the underlying cause was unknown in one cases (3%). A preserved renal function was observed in 84% of cases with UUT obstruction and in 80% of cases presenting a LUT obstruction. Conclusions: Prognosis concerning renal function seems to be mainly related to two factors: age at presentation and underlying diagnosis. Decompression of the urinary tract by urine extravasation produces the best results in terms of preservation of the renal function in LUT obstruction (75% in prenatal and 84% in postnatal cases); UUT obstruction however is associated with a good prognosis in the neonatal period (80% of preserved renal function) but with a severe impairment (only 20% of preserved renal function) in prenatally detected cases.
- pop-off mechanism
- renal function
- urinary tract obstruction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health