The Importance of Detail: How Differences in Ligand Structures Determine Distinct Functional Responses in Integrin α v β 3

Antonella Paladino, Monica Civera, Flavio Curnis, Mayra Paolillo, Cesare Gennari, Umberto Piarulli, Angelo Corti, Laura Belvisi, Giorgio Colombo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ligand-based control of protein functional motions can provide novel opportunities in the study of fundamental biological mechanisms and in the development of novel therapeutics. In this work we addressed the ligand-based modulation of integrin functions. Inhibitors of integrin α v β 3 are interesting anticancer agents but their molecular mechanisms are still unclear: Peptides and peptidomimetics characterized by the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) or isoAsp-Gly-Arg (isoDGR) binding motifs have shown controversial agonist/antagonist effects. We have investigated the differential mechanisms of integrin activation/deactivation by three distinct ligands (cyclo-RGDf(NMe)V (Cilengitide), cyclo[DKP3-RGD], cyclo[DKP3-isoDGR]; DKP=diketopiperazine) through a comparative analysis of ligand-controlled protein internal dynamics: Although RGD facilitates the onset of dynamic states leading to activation, isoDGR induces a diffuse rigidification of the complex consistent with antagonist activities. Computational predictions have been experimentally probed by showing that the antibody AP5, which is capable of recognizing the active form of integrin, binds specifically to the RGD complexes and not to the isoDGR complex, which supports opposite functional roles of the two motifs targeting the same binding site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5959-5970
Number of pages12
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume25
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 23 2019

Keywords

  • conformation analysis
  • flow cytometry analysis
  • molecular dynamics
  • peptidomimetics
  • proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

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