The Importance of Mortality Risk Assessment: Validation of the Pediatric Index of Mortality 3 Score

Raffaella Osello, Jenny Gualino, Edoardo Calderini, Gianluca Vigna, Pierantonio Santuz, Angela Amigoni, Fabio Savron, Fabio Caramelli, Emanuele Rossetti, Corrado Cecchetti, Maurizio Corbari, Marco Piastra, Raffaele Testa, Giancarlo Coffaro, Giusi Stancanelli, Eloisa Gitto, Roberta Amato, Federica Prinelli, Ida Salvo, Pediatric Intensive Therapy Network (TIPNet) Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of the newest version of the Pediatric Index of Mortality 3 score and compare it with the Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 in a multicenter national cohort of children admitted to PICU.

DESIGN: Retrospective, prospective cohort study.

SETTING: Seventeen Italian PICUs.

PATIENTS: All children 0 to 15 years old admitted in PICU from January 2010 to October 2014.

INTERVENTIONS: None.

MEASUREMENT AND MAIN RESULTS: Eleven thousand one hundred nine children were enrolled in the study. The mean Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 and 3 values of 4.9 and 3.9, respectively, differed significantly (p < 0.05). Overall mortality rate was 3.9%, and the standardized mortality ratio was 0.80 for Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 and 0.98 for Pediatric Index of Mortality 3 (p < 0.05). The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curves was similar for Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 and Pediatric Index of Mortality 3. The Hosmer-Lemeshow test was not significant for Pediatric Index of Mortality 3 (p = 0.21) but was highly significant for Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 (p < 0.001), which overestimated death mainly in high-risk categories.

CONCLUSIONS: Mortality indices require validation in each country where it is used. The new Pediatric Index of Mortality 3 score performed well in an Italian population. Both calibration and discrimination were appropriate, and the score more accurately predicted the mortality risk than Pediatric Index of Mortality 2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-6
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Critical Care Medicine
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cohort Studies
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intensive Care Units, Pediatric
  • Italy
  • ROC Curve
  • Risk Adjustment
  • Risk Assessment
  • Journal Article
  • Validation Studies

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    Osello, R., Gualino, J., Calderini, E., Vigna, G., Santuz, P., Amigoni, A., Savron, F., Caramelli, F., Rossetti, E., Cecchetti, C., Corbari, M., Piastra, M., Testa, R., Coffaro, G., Stancanelli, G., Gitto, E., Amato, R., Prinelli, F., Salvo, I., & Pediatric Intensive Therapy Network (TIPNet) Study Group (2016). The Importance of Mortality Risk Assessment: Validation of the Pediatric Index of Mortality 3 Score. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 17(3), 251-6. https://doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0000000000000657