Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is associated with obesity, and weight loss is important to reduce intracranial pressure and improve visual function. A 38-year-old woman with IIH followed an extreme diet, which resulted in 30% weight loss (BMI moved from 34.9 to 24.6). Weight loss resulted in a significant reduction of papilloedema, normalization of intracranial pressure and improvement in headache pattern, but also induced a state of initial malnutrition, relevant depression and disability. She was discharged with the indication to start a controlled diet and improve physical activity: clinical situation get back to stability, with the patient loosing further weight (BMI=21.8) through a balanced diet and moderate physical exercise. Obese patients with IIH should be offered a comprehensive treatment approach consisting of diet and nutritional support, psychological counselling, indication to increase physical activity and, when appropriate, a specific rehabilitation programme.
- chronic migraine
- idiopathic intracranial hypertension
- weight loss rehabilitation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation