The importance of training strategy adaptation: A learner-oriented approach for improving older adults' memory and transfer

Sara Bottiroli, Elena Cavallini, John Dunlosky, Tomaso Vecchi, Christopher Hertzog

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigated the benefits of strategy-adaptation training for promoting transfer effects. This learneroriented approach-which directly encourages the learner to generalize strategic behavior to new tasks-helps older adults appraise new tasks and adapt trained strategies to them. In Experiment 1, older adults in a strategy-adaptation training group used 2 strategies (imagery and sentence generation) while practicing 2 tasks (list and associative learning); they were then instructed on how to do a simple task analysis to help them adapt the trained strategies for 2 different unpracticed tasks (place learning and text learning) that were discussed during training. Two additional criterion tasks (name-face associative learning and grocery-list learning) were never mentioned during training. Two other groups were included: A strategy training group (who received strategy training and transfer instructions but not strategy-adaptation training) and a waiting-list control group. Both training procedures enhanced older adults' performance on the trained tasks and those tasks that were discussed during training, but transfer was greatest after strategy-adaptation training. Experiment 2 found that strategy-adaptation training conducted via a manual that older adults used at home also promoted transfer. These findings demonstrate the importance of adopting a learner-oriented approach to promote transfer of strategy training

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-218
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Learner-oriented approach
  • Memory intervention
  • Older adults
  • Transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The importance of training strategy adaptation: A learner-oriented approach for improving older adults' memory and transfer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this